Things to do in Toluca
Although there are no exact data on the pre-Hispanic foundation of Toluca, history indicates that in the 7th century, it was populated by the matlatzincas, and later, in the thirteenth century, became a Mexica domain. The Cerro del Toloche, north of the city, gives rise to its name, and comes from Tolocan and means “Where is the Fool God, the bowed head.”
By 1521, under Spanish conquest, the city was recognized as Toluca de San Jose; and in 1830, in the independent period, it became the fourth capital of the State of Mexico, which also hosted the Scientific and Literary Institute, founded in Tlalpan by Don Lorenzo de Zavala in 1828 and which currently houses the Rectory of the Universidad Autnoma del Mexico state.
In 1861 by decree of the local Legislature took the name of Toluca de Lerdo, Historically, it can be assured that in recent years Toluca has undergone one of its most radical transformations, since works have been carried out that update it by offering greater public services, streamlining its road circulation, and especially, contributing to the solution of serious ecological problems. Location of Toluca The municipality is located in the central part of the State of Mexico, 72 kilometers away from the capital of the country.
The municipal area is 420.14 square kilometers, corresponding to 1.87% of the state territory. Climate, flora and fauna of Toluca The climate of the municipality is classified as temperate sub-humid. The average annual temperature is 13.7 celsius.
Frost is 80 to 140 days in the cold season.The flora of the municipality is composed of forests of pine, aile, ocote and oyamel, among others.As for its fauna, at the moment the following species are found: quail, chara dwarf, white tail deer, rabbit of the snows or teporingo, roadrunners and raccoon, although they are being reduced more and more.
It houses part of the work of nineteenth century landscaper Felipe S. Gutierrez, with works by the artist of the same period and Luis Nishizawa where the artist’s plastic work is exhibited.
The Museum of Fine Arts: Contains valuable paintings and sculptures from the Colonial period; The Watercolor Museum: In the exhibition the works of various artists, carried out in this technique.Also worthy of mention are the Museums of Numismatics and the Estampa.
Cultural Center Mexiquense: Located on the outskirts of the city, it offers a splendid natural landscape, is the perfect setting to admire the beauty of the former hacienda “La Pila”, whose facilities are home to the Museum of Popular Cultures, where objects representative of Mexican folklore.
In harmonious coexistence with the cultural center is contemporary architecture, the museums of Modern Art and Anthropology and History that present attractive exhibitions.
In this space, the visitor will find a great variety of edible products, ornamental and dress, among others.As for archaeological zones in the municipality are: Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca archeological zone: One of the most interesting buildings in Calixtlahuaca is the so-called “Temple of Quetzalcoalt” with circular plant..
The worship of the god Tolotzin: It is located in the hill Toloache in the north sierrita of the city.Convent of the Carmen: Architecture of baroque style of century XVII.Convento de la Merced: Colonial architecture.
The city of Toluca was characterized in the nineteenth century by its neoclassical French style, of which there are some examples in the streets of Villada and Lerdo.Cathedral of Toluca: Its construction began from 1870 and was concluded until the present century.
In the Civic Square are the Government Palace and the Chamber of Deputies, as well as the Superior Court of Justice. The Municipal Palace was built between 1872 and 1873 on the grounds that occupied the cemetery of the Franciscan convent.
In the Chamber of Deputies, the murals of the artist Leopoldo Flores stand out.Temple of Santa Veracruz, famous for its black christ, the first stone of this Temple built to venerate the Lord of Santa Veracruz, was placed on December 13, 1753. It has a tower with hexagonal details and paired columns as well as beautiful balconies of semicircular railings.
The square was inaugurated in 1910, during the Independence festivities. It is also known as Plazuela del Carmen. In it are located white constructions, this is the case of the bell tower of the temple of the Carmen.
Botanic Garden – Cosmovitral: An attractive site that, as its name indicates, forms the largest stained glass in the world, an impressive work by the Mexican Leopoldo Flores, whose main theme revolves around universal dualities and antagonisms, in a game of multicolored lights.
Portals: In the heart of the city are located the Portales, construction dating from 1832, considered the most extensive of the country with its 118 arches and have been the center of social and commercial life of Toluca.
Each one of the three portals has a name: the east with 37 arches bears the name of November 20. The south with 44 arches, is known as Madero; and finally the one of the west with 35 arcs is called Reforma.El nevado de Toluca:
Zacango Zoo: Today is one of the largest in Latin America. Here the Mexican architecture is integrated with a pleasant natural environment. The zoo has 140 varieties of vegetables and more than 250 species with 1,500 animals from all continents.
In this place you will find elephants, giraffes, ostriches, orangutans, tigers, flamingos and vipers. An important part of the visit to the museum is that by means of faithful scenographies, the geophysical conditions of the diverse landscapes of our planet are produced.
In addition to all the attractions that Toluca has, it has an impressive stadium called “La bombonera”, tourist services, from hotels of all categories, restaurants, travel agencies, car rental companies, banks and financial transactions companies, videobars and discotheques, as well as an extensive road network that connects it with the main cities of the country.